Explain the basics of Utilitarianism for the naïve reader who knows nothing
about the theory. Remember to explain why it is regarded as a species of
Consequentialism and what this means. Also, explain the principles of
inherent worth, equality, and utility and the specific roles they play in the
theory as well as the method by which moral decisions are made. Use
examples to illustrate. And lastly, what are some of the consequences of
taking this theory seriously?